Ohio Revised Code § 3119.01, commonly referred to as the Calculations of child support obligation definitions or just plain Definitions, contains a wealth of information about child support. Not only does this section include definitions of “child support order,” “obligee,” “obligor,” and “gross income,” but it also sets forth the factors for imputed income. Here is Ohio Revised Code Section 3119.01, which contains child support obligation definitions, in its entirety, without any editing:
R.C. 3119.01, Child Support Obligation Definitions:
(A) As used in the Revised Code, “child support enforcement agency” means a child support enforcement agency designated under former section 2301.35 of the Revised Code prior to October 1, 1997, or a private or government entity designated as a child support enforcement agency under section 307.981 of the Revised Code.
(B) As used in this chapter and Chapters 3121., 3123., and 3125. of the Revised Code:
(1) “Administrative child support order” means any order issued by a child support enforcement agency for the support of a child pursuant to section 3109.19 or 3111.81 of the Revised Code or former section 3111.211 of the Revised Code, section 3111.21 of the Revised Code as that section existed prior to January 1, 1998, or section 3111.20 or 3111.22 of the Revised Code as those sections existed prior to March 22, 2001.
(2) “Child support order” means either a court child support order or an administrative child support order.
(3) “Obligee” means the person who is entitled to receive the support payments under a support order.
(4) “Obligor” means the person who is required to pay support under a support order.
(5) “Support order” means either an administrative child support order or a court support order.
(C) As used in this chapter:
(1) “Combined gross income” means the combined gross income of both parents.
(2) “Court child support order” means any order issued by a court for the support of a child pursuant to Chapter 3115. of the Revised Code, section 2151.23, 2151.231, 2151.232, 2151.33, 2151.36, 2151.361, 2151.49, 3105.21, 3109.05, 3109.19, 3111.13, 3113.04, 3113.07, 3113.31, 3119.65, or 3119.70 of the Revised Code, or division (B) of former section 3113.21 of the Revised Code.
(3) “Court support order” means either a court child support order or an order for the support of a spouse or former spouse issued pursuant to Chapter 3115. of the Revised Code, section 3105.18, 3105.65, or 3113.31 of the Revised Code, or division (B) of former section 3113.21 of the Revised Code.
(4) “Extraordinary medical expenses” means any uninsured medical expenses incurred for a child during a calendar year that exceed one hundred dollars.
(5) “Income” means either of the following:
(a) For a parent who is employed to full capacity, the gross income of the parent;
(b) For a parent who is unemployed or underemployed, the sum of the gross income of the parent and any potential income of the parent.
(6) “Insurer” means any person authorized under Title XXXIX of the Revised Code to engage in the business of insurance in this state, any health insuring corporation, and any legal entity that is self-insured and provides benefits to its employees or members.
(7) “Gross income” means, except as excluded in division (C)(7) of this section, the total of all earned and unearned income from all sources during a calendar year, whether or not the income is taxable, and includes income from salaries, wages, overtime pay, and bonuses to the extent described in division (D) of section 3119.05 of the Revised Code; commissions; royalties; tips; rents; dividends; severance pay; pensions; interest; trust income; annuities; social security benefits, including retirement, disability, and survivor benefits that are not means-tested; workers’ compensation benefits; unemployment insurance benefits; disability insurance benefits; benefits that are not means-tested and that are received by and in the possession of the veteran who is the beneficiary for any service-connected disability under a program or law administered by the United States department of veterans’ affairs or veterans’ administration; spousal support actually received; and all other sources of income. “Gross income” includes income of members of any branch of the United States armed services or national guard, including, amounts representing base pay, basic allowance for quarters, basic allowance for subsistence, supplemental subsistence allowance, cost of living adjustment, specialty pay, variable housing allowance, and pay for training or other types of required drills; self-generated income; and potential cash flow from any source.
“Gross income” does not include any of the following:
(a) Benefits received from means-tested government administered programs, including Ohio works first; prevention, retention, and contingency; means-tested veterans’ benefits; supplemental security income; supplemental nutrition assistance program; disability financial assistance; or other assistance for which eligibility is determined on the basis of income or assets;
(b) Benefits for any service-connected disability under a program or law administered by the United States department of veterans’ affairs or veterans’ administration that are not means-tested, that have not been distributed to the veteran who is the beneficiary of the benefits, and that are in the possession of the United States department of veterans’ affairs or veterans’ administration;
(c) Child support received for children who were not born or adopted during the marriage at issue;
(d) Amounts paid for mandatory deductions from wages such as union dues but not taxes, social security, or retirement in lieu of social security;
(e) Nonrecurring or unsustainable income or cash flow items;
(f) Adoption assistance and foster care maintenance payments made pursuant to Title IV-E of the “Social Security Act,” 94 Stat. 501, 42 U.S.C.A. 670 (1980), as amended.
(8) “Nonrecurring or unsustainable income or cash flow item” means an income or cash flow item the parent receives in any year or for any number of years not to exceed three years that the parent does not expect to continue to receive on a regular basis. “Nonrecurring or unsustainable income or cash flow item” does not include a lottery prize award that is not paid in a lump sum or any other item of income or cash flow that the parent receives or expects to receive for each year for a period of more than three years or that the parent receives and invests or otherwise uses to produce income or cash flow for a period of more than three years.
(9) (a) “Ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in generating gross receipts” means actual cash items expended by the parent or the parent’s business and includes depreciation expenses of business equipment as shown on the books of a business entity.
(b) Except as specifically included in “ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in generating gross receipts” by division (C)(9)(a) of this section, “ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in generating gross receipts” does not include depreciation expenses and other noncash items that are allowed as deductions on any federal tax return of the parent or the parent’s business.
(10) “Personal earnings” means compensation paid or payable for personal services, however denominated, and includes wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, draws against commissions, profit sharing, vacation pay, or any other compensation.
(11) “Potential income” means both of the following for a parent who the court pursuant to a court support order, or a child support enforcement agency pursuant to an administrative child support order, determines is voluntarily unemployed or voluntarily underemployed:
(a) Imputed income that the court or agency determines the parent would have earned if fully employed as determined from the following criteria:
(i) The parent’s prior employment experience;
(ii) The parent’s education;
(iii) The parent’s physical and mental disabilities, if any;
(iv) The availability of employment in the geographic area in which the parent resides;
(v) The prevailing wage and salary levels in the geographic area in which the parent resides;
(vi) The parent’s special skills and training;
(vii) Whether there is evidence that the parent has the ability to earn the imputed income;
(viii) The age and special needs of the child for whom child support is being calculated under this section;
(ix) The parent’s increased earning capacity because of experience;
(x) The parent’s decreased earning capacity because of a felony conviction;
(xi) Any other relevant factor.
(b) Imputed income from any nonincome-producing assets of a parent, as determined from the local passbook savings rate or another appropriate rate as determined by the court or agency, not to exceed the rate of interest specified in division (A) of section 1343.03 of the Revised Code, if the income is significant.
(12) “Schedule” means the basic child support schedule set forth in section 3119.021 of the Revised Code.
(13) “Self-generated income” means gross receipts received by a parent from self-employment, proprietorship of a business, joint ownership of a partnership or closely held corporation, and rents minus ordinary and necessary expenses incurred by the parent in generating the gross receipts. “Self-generated income” includes expense reimbursements or in-kind payments received by a parent from self-employment, the operation of a business, or rents, including company cars, free housing, reimbursed meals, and other benefits, if the reimbursements are significant and reduce personal living expenses.
(14) “Split parental rights and responsibilities” means a situation in which there is more than one child who is the subject of an allocation of parental rights and responsibilities and each parent is the residential parent and legal custodian of at least one of those children.
(15) “Worksheet” means the applicable worksheet that is used to calculate a parent’s child support obligation as set forth in sections 3119.022 and 3119.023 of the Revised Code.
Other Articles About Child Support Obligation
To read more about child support obligation, click on the following links to my other articles on divorce and dissolution: what does the IRS consider to be alimony, when does alimony end, when does child support end, Ohio alimony factors, minimum amount of child support in Ohio, minimum income for child support in Ohio, Ohio child support terms, everything you wanted to know about Ohio child support, choosing between divorce and dissolution in Ohio, filing tax returns during a divorce in Ohio, and getting creative with Ohio child support. Attorney Gigiano’s hard work has resulted in highly successful results for many of his clients, as reflected in the following links to his reviews: Daniel Gigiano reviews; Daniel Gigiano ratings; and Daniel Gigiano work.
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Attorney Gigiano is a Medina County family law attorney in Wadsworth, and practices family law and child support obligation law in the courts in Medina County, Summit County, Wayne County and the surrounding counties. Attorney Gigiano has also represented individuals in the Ninth District Court of Appeals in family law cases. If you have questions about child support obligation or other questions you need answered by an experienced Medina County domestic relations lawyer in Wadsworth, experienced Wadsworth family law lawyer in Medina County, experienced Summit County child custody lawyer in Wadsworth , or experienced Wayne County juvenile lawyer in Wadsworth, please call Attorney Daniel F. Gigiano at 330-336-3330.