Ohio felony sentencing laws place most Ohio crimes into five classes. These range from the lowest (fifth degree felony) to the highest (first degree felony). This article will focus on the basic sentencing scheme. This article will not discuss specialized Ohio felony sentencing laws, such as the death penalty, life imprisonment, and mandatory additional prison time. Rape and murder are crimes that fall into such specialized Ohio felony sentencing laws.
What are the Ohio maximum prison terms and jail time? While there are a number of offenses that carry life in prison, the death penalty, or are subject to enhanced penalties or reduced maximum penalties, this article will focus on the ten basic levels of offenses in Ohio.
The Ohio sentencing classifications from most severe to least severe are: first degree felony (3-10 years in prison); second degree felony (2-8 years in prison); third degree felony (1-5 years in prison); fourth degree felony (6-18 months in prison); fifth degree felony (6-12 months in prison); first degree misdemeanor (up to 6 months in jail); second degree misdemeanor (up to 90 days in jail); third degree misdemeanor (up to 60 days in jail); fourth degree misdemeanor (up to 30 days in jail); minor misdemeanor (up to a $150 fine but no jail time).