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Posts tagged "Ohio child support terms"

Divorce And Dissolution

How do divorce and dissolution differ from one another? A dissolution is an agreement to terminate the marriage, with an agreement on how to divide their assets and debts, as well as agreement on child custody, child support, parenting time and spousal support. In order to have a dissolution, the parties must agree on all of the issues. Paperwork is filed and the matter is resolved in a single hearing. The dissolution process is usually completed within two to three months after filing.   When the parties cannot agree on all of the issues, but wish to terminate the marriage, they must do so with a divorce. One of the eleven grounds for divorce must be alleged. Incompatibility cannot be proven, but must be agreed upon by both parties in order to be used as a ground for divorce. Divorce usually consists of temporary orders hearings, case management hearings, pre-trial hearings, and final hearings (trials). The final hearing does not usually occur until at least nine months after filing and sometimes well over one year after filing.   (more…)

Minimum Amount Of Child Support

Is there a minimum amount of child support that a court must order?  Yes, there is.  Courts usually order guideline support, which is the amount of support calculated under the child support guidelines.  However, Ohio Revised Code 3119.06 (R.C. 3119.06) requires the court to order a minimum child support order of $50 per month.  If the person is not working and receiving needs-based assistance, then, while the arrearages accrue, the obligation to pay child support is suspended as long as the person is complying with a seek-work order.   Even though the statute says that is the lowest amount, is it?  No.  Ohio law also allows the court to order one to pay less than $50 per month or not require any child support if the parent ordered to pay has a medically verified or documented physical or mental disability or institutionalization for mental illness.   (more…)

When Does Spousal Support End?

Daniel F. Gigiano, Wadsworth OhioWhen does spousal support end?  Even when spousal support is determined as lifetime spousal support, it is not necessarily forever.
There are four ways in which an order for spousal support may terminate:
  1. Spousal support may terminate on a specified date;
  2. Spousal support may terminate upon the occurrence of a specified event;
  3. The domestic relations court may terminate spousal support pursuant to its continuing jurisdiction if a change of circumstances has occurred that supports termination of spousal support;
  4. Spousal support may terminate as a matter of law upon remarriage of the recipient spouse or the death of either party.
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What Does The IRS Consider To Be Spousal Support?

Daniel F. GIgiano, Attorney at Law, Wadsworth, OhioWhat does the IRS consider to be spousal support?  A divorce decree labels payments as spousal support, maintenance, or alimony.  Does that mean that the payments are considered to be alimony by the IRS?  Not necessarily.  Why does this matter?  It matters because qualifying spousal alimony payments are deductible by the payer and included in the recipient’s income.
In Ohio, alimony is called spousal support.  For purposes of this article, we will use the Ohio term.  In order for a payment to qualify as spousal support by the IRS, all of the following requirements must be met: (more…)

How Does A Court Decide Spousal Support?

How does a court decide spousal support?  The court considers a list of factors set forth in Ohio Revised Code 3105.18 (R.C. 3015.18):
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Dividing A Business In Divorce

This article will address dividing a business in divorce.  Usually, a qualified expert witness will be needed to provide evidence of the valuation of a business.  The expert looks at various factors, such as the history of the business, risk involved in the particular business, among other factors. Utilizing such factors, the expert determines the fair market value of the business.  The parties will have to decide if they want to agree on a single expert or if they wish to hire their own experts.  With the price of a business evaluation expert being $10,000 or more, this is no small decision.  Factors that may be considered in whether to share an expert include: whether the business-owning spouse is likely to disclose all assets and liabilities of the business, including receivables; whether the business-owning spouse had a history of keeping thorough and reliable records; and how well the non-business owning spouse knows the business. (more…)

Property Division In Divorce

This article will discuss property division in divorce.  What is property?  Property can be real property, otherwise known as real estate.  Property can also be personal property, which includes cash, financial and retirement accounts, vehicles, and household goods.
Under Ohio Revised Code 3105.171 (R.C. 3105.171), there are nine factors that govern only the division of property: (more…)

Dividing Retirement Benefits In Divorce

How do you go about dividing retirement benefits in divorce?  First, the domestic relations court must determine who is entitled to what portion of retirement benefits.  Retirement benefits accumulated during the marriage are marital assets, and must be divided as part of an equitable division of property.  Equitable division means a fair division of property. (more…)

Military Issues In Divorce And Child Custody

Military issues in divorce and child custody arise when one or both parents are currently or former members of the military.
The military distributes income in many ways.  While calculating income first appears be simple, not every situation is simple.  We all know that W-2 income earned through an employer is income for support purposes.  We also know that profits earned in a person’s business is income.  This covers direct military pay (base pay) and military contracts.  However, there are many other sources of income from the military.  Other sources of military income include: veterans administration disability payments, GI payments, housing allowance, and pay for training or other types of required drills. (more…)

Child Support Obligation Definitions

Ohio Revised Code § 3119.01, commonly referred to as the Calculations of child support obligation definitions or just plain  Definitions, contains a wealth of information about child support.  Not only does this section include definitions of “child support order,” “obligee,” “obligor,” and  “gross income,” but it also sets forth the factors for imputed income.  Here is Ohio Revised Code Section 3119.01, which contains child support obligation definitions, in its entirety, without any editing:

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Everything You Wanted To Know About Child Support

Everything you wanted to know about child support but were afraid to ask is right here.  Just about.  Putting everything in would fill books.  Maybe, this should be called a quick look at what you need to know about child support. Anyway, here goes.
If a child’s parents are separated from each other, chances are that a child support order is either in place or can be put in place.  Child support may also be ordered when the parents are in divorce, dissolution of marriage, paternity and legal separation cases.  A child support award can originate or be modified through the county’s Child Support Enforcement Agency (CSEA), domestic relations court or juvenile court.  In Medina County, child support is usually awarded in the Medina County Domestic Relations Court.  Summit County is the same, as it also has moved all of its parentage and/or paternity cases to the Summit County Domestic Relations Court.   A Summit County attorney or Medina County attorney would file for child support in domestic relations court, regardless of whether the case was a dissolution, divorce or paternity action.  However, Wayne County has not moved its parentage and/or paternity cases to domestic relations court.  A Wayne County attorney would file for child support in Wayne County Juvenile Court in a paternity action.  That same Wayne County attorney would still file for child support in Wayne County Domestic Relations Court in a divorce or dissolution. (more…)

How Does Private Health Insurance Affect Child Support?

How does private health insurance affect child support?  There are a number of factors that are used in calculating child support. One of the factors is private health insurance. The parent who pays for the health insurance for the children gets credit for it in the child support calculation. However, the parent is only entitled to credit for the marginal cost of health insurance. The marginal cost of health insurance is usually the difference between paying for their own insurance premium and the premium for both the parent and the children. The credit is issued by making the other parent contribute to the insurance in the form of an offset in child support equal to that other parent’s share of the total income earned by both parents. (more…)

Can a 14-year old child choose which parent they want to live with?

Can a 14 year old child choose which parent he or she wants to live with? This is a common question. While domestic relations courts will often place a great deal of weight on the age of the child, it is actually only one of sixteen factors set forth in Ohio Revised Code 3109.051(D). Other factors include the child’s relationship with extended family, the location of the parents’ homes, the amount of time that will be available for the child to spend with his or her brothers or sisters, the mental and physical health of the parties, whether either of the parents have a criminal history, and whether either of the parents’ actions resulted in a child being an abused or neglected child. (more…)