I often get asked what parental rights parents have when they are married, unmarried or have a child support order in place. These are the common questions and the answers to those questions.
What is a putative father?
A putative father is a man who may be a child’s biological father but who is not married to the child’s mother at the time the child is born or who has not established paternity of the child in a court or administrative hearing.
Does a putative father have parental rights?
What is separate property in divorce? It is property that the spouse gets to keep without it being subject to an equitable division by the divorce court.
First, we should look at what is marital property under Ohio law. The Ohio law defining marital property is found in Ohio Revised Code 3105.171 (R.C. 3105.171
). Marital property is:
- All property currently owned by either or both parties or acquired by either or both of the parties during the marriage; and
- All property interest that either or both parties currently holds acquired by either or both of the spouses during the marriage;
- Active income, which is all income and appreciation on separate property, due to the labor, monetary, or in-kind contribution of either or both of the spouses that occurred during the marriage;
- Anything that is not separate property.
When does spousal support end? Even when spousal support is determined as lifetime spousal support, it is not necessarily forever.
There are four ways in which an order for spousal support may terminate:
- Spousal support may terminate on a specified date;
- Spousal support may terminate upon the occurrence of a specified event;
- The domestic relations court may terminate spousal support pursuant to its continuing jurisdiction if a change of circumstances has occurred that supports termination of spousal support;
- Spousal support may terminate as a matter of law upon remarriage of the recipient spouse or the death of either party.
What does the IRS consider to be spousal support? A divorce decree labels payments as spousal support, maintenance, or alimony. Does that mean that the payments are considered to be alimony by the IRS? Not necessarily. Why does this matter? It matters because qualifying spousal alimony payments are deductible by the payer and included in the recipient’s income.
In Ohio, alimony is called spousal support. For purposes of this article, we will use the Ohio term. In order for a payment to qualify as spousal support by the IRS, all of the following requirements must be met: (more…)
How does a court decide spousal support? The court considers a list of factors set forth in Ohio Revised Code 3105.18 (R.C. 3015.18
This article will address dividing a business in divorce. Usually, a qualified expert witness will be needed to provide evidence of the valuation of a business. The expert looks at various factors, such as the history of the business, risk involved in the particular business, among other factors. Utilizing such factors, the expert determines the fair market value of the business. The parties will have to decide if they want to agree on a single expert or if they wish to hire their own experts. With the price of a business evaluation expert being $10,000 or more, this is no small decision. Factors that may be considered in whether to share an expert include: whether the business-owning spouse is likely to disclose all assets and liabilities of the business, including receivables; whether the business-owning spouse had a history of keeping thorough and reliable records; and how well the non-business owning spouse knows the business. (more…)
This article will discuss property division in divorce. What is property? Property can be real property, otherwise known as real estate. Property can also be personal property, which includes cash, financial and retirement accounts, vehicles, and household goods.
Under Ohio Revised Code 3105.171 (R.C. 3105.171
), there are nine factors that govern only the division of property: (more…)
What are the custody rights of an unmarried mother? Ohio law provides a number of direct answers to this question. Ohio Revised Code 3109.042 (R.C. 3109.042) answers that question: “An unmarried female who gives birth to a child is the sole residential parent and legal custodian of the child until a court of competent jurisdiction issues an order designating another person as the residential parent and legal custodian.” This means that, unless a court has ruled otherwise, an unmarried mother is the sole legal custodian of her child, giving her the right to make decisions for her child. (more…)
A West Salem divorce attorney aggressively represents individual in family law cases, including divorce, dissolution, post-decree motions, paternity complaint, child custody, child support, civil protection orders, and motion to modify parental rights and responsibilities. Having a West Salem divorce attorney on your side gives you greater access to the divorce court by giving you a better opportunity to have your voice heard by the court.
A Marshallville divorce attorney represents people who either live in Marshallville or who need to go back to the Wayne County Domestic Relations Court or Wayne County Juvenile Court because they need to revisit a child custody, child support or spousal support issue in that court. Having a Marshallville divorce lawyer on your side gives you the opportunity to have your voice heard effectively in the divorce court.
A Smithville divorce attorney represents individuals who either reside in Smithville or who need to go back to the Wayne County Domestic Relations Court because they need to revisit an issue in a divorce case in that court. Having a Smithville divorce lawyer on your side is important in ensuring that your voice is heard in divorce court.